Timothy (Phleum pratense)

Cool Season Perennial

Timothy is an upright perennial bunchgrass. It has a shallow root system so prefers moist areas, without much for drought or heat tolerance. Salinity tolerance is fair. Regrowth is relatively slow so best to work with one cut or if grazing, leave a lot of rest between grazes. It has good winter hardiness. Timothy grows best on fertile soils. It is not overly competitive in most blends, but can start to take over wet parts of the field. Plants are palatable and produces high biomass.

Seeds per pound: 1,200,000 Seeds/sq ft/pound 32.9


  • Erosion control
  • Soil builder
  • Nitrogen scavenger
  • Weed suppression
  • Grazing potential
  • Hay potential


  • Tolerates moist climates and soils
  • Good production


Lower protein content, small seed may make seeding tricky.


Fair. Needs lot of rest between grazing, especially going into winter.


Good. Standard in horse hay market.

Mycorrhizal support? Yes