Oat (Avena sativa)

Cool Season Annual

Oat is an upright annual grass. One of the go to forage species, but is later maturing than barley. It has a moderate water use and decent drought tolerance. Heat tolerance is moderate. Salinity rating is fair. Oat will regrow if cut or grazed during the vegetative stage of growth. It has a deeper root system than most other cool season annual grasses grown in the prairies.

Seeds per pound: 12,000 Seeds/sq ft/pound 0.3


  • Erosion control
  • Soil builder
  • Nitrogen scavenger
  • Weed suppression
  • Grazing potential
  • Hay potential


  • Different disease package than barley or wheat
  • Decent drought tolerance
  • Slower dry down than barley
  • Grain easier to disease
  • Better regrowth than barley or wheat


High hull content can interfere with grain digestion, not easy to control wild oats.


Good. One of the best annual cereals for regrowth.


Good. Longer period of time for cutting.

Mycorrhizal support? Yes