Berseem Clover (Trifolium alexandrinum)

Cool Season

Berseem clover, or Egyptian clover is an upright annual legume that fixes a large amount of nitrogen in a season. It is the tallest of the annual clover group (Crimson and Persian) and has the coarsest hollow stem. Berseem can be slow to establish in the spring. It is not very tolerant of shading as compared to Persian or Crimson. It has fair tolerance to salinity. Decent heat and drought tolerance for a clover. Plants have poor winter hardiness so it winterkills. It has a low potential for becoming a weed in Western Canada.

Seeds/pound: 140,000 Seeds/sq ft/pound of seed: 3.8


  • Nitrogen builder
  • Hay source
  • Intercropping
  • Erosion control
  • Weed suppression
  • Grazing
  • Pollinator attracter


  • Nitrogen fixation
  • High hay quality
  • Quick growth


Will not tolerate long periods of drought,
not tolerant of high traffic.


No reported bloats. Not very tolerant to close
grazing or high traffic.


Can have issues drying down for dry hay,
but produces a high quality hay.

Mycorrhizal support? Yes